• Internet Jargon

Internet Jargon

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z #


i2c | i-mode | IaaS | IAB | IANA | IC | ICANN | Ice | ICMP | ICQ | ICS | ICT | ID10T | IDE | IDPS | IDS | IEEE | IETF | IGMP | IGP | IGRP | iHTML | IIOP | IIS | IITF | IM | IMAP | IME | IMEI | IMIS | IMSI | Inode | Incubator | Influencer | Integer | Internesia | Internet | Internet Protocol | InterNIC | Interoperability | Intranet | IoT | IP Address | IPS | IPSec | IRC | IrDA | IRM | IRQ | IRTF | IS-IS | ISA | ISACA | ISAPI | ISDN | ISEB | ISMS | ISO | ISoc | ISP | ISSEP | ISSU | ITU | IVR

i2c

I2C is a serial protocol for two-wire interface to connect low-speed devices like microcontrollers, EEPROMs, A/D and D/A converters, I/O interfaces and other similar peripherals in embedded systems.

i-mode

The character information service "i mode" of the portable telephone started by NTT DOCOMO in February, 1999.  Currently only available in Japan.  Tries to convert web pages to be read on Mobiles.

IaaS

Infrastructure as a Service, are online services that provide high-level APIs used to dereference various low-level details of underlying network infrastructure like physical computing resources, location, data partitioning, scaling, security, backup etc.

IAB

Internet Architecture Board. A technical advisory group of the Internet Society, whose responsibilities include:
Oversee the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Oversee the Internet standards process
Publish and manage Request for Comments (RFCs)

IANA

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, an organisation working under the auspices of the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) that is responsible for assigning new Internet-wide IP addresses.

IC

Integrated Circuit.

ICANN

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, a nonprofit organisation that has assumed the responsibility for IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. Government contract.

Ice

A webpage whose content is "fixed" in terms of its optimum display resolution and window size. It is usually aligned along the left margin.

ICMP

Internet Control Message Protocol is an extension to the Internet Protocol that allows for the generation of error messages, test packets, and information messages related to IP.

ICQ

ICQ is a cross-platform messenger and VoIP client. Released in 1996.

ICS

Internet Connection Sharing, allows multiple computers to connect to the Internet using the same Internet connection and IP address.

ICT

Information and Communications Technology.

ID10T

Leet spelling of idiot, used humorously to refer to computer errors (pronounced ID ten T) to indicate that the error is the result of the user's stupidity.

IDE

(1) Intelligent Drive Electronics or Integrated Drive Electronics. An IDE interface is an interface for mass storage device, in which the controller is integrated into the disk or CD-ROM drive. Although it really refers to a general technology, most people use the term to refer the ATA specification, which uses this technology. Refer to ATA for more information.

(2) Integrated Development Environment. A programming environment integrated into an application. For example, Microsoft Office applications support various versions of the BASIC programming language. You can develop a WordBasic application while running Microsoft Word.

IDPS

Intrusion Detection Prevention System.

IDS

Intrusion Detection System, is a type of security software designed to automatically alert administrators when someone or something is trying to compromise information system through malicious activities or through security policy violations.

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. IEEE is an organisation composed of engineers, scientists, and students. It is best known for developing standards for the computer and electronics industry. In particular, the IEEE 802 standards for local-area networks are widely followed.

IETF

Internet Engingeering Task Force is the main standards organisation for the internet. It is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet.

IGMP

Internet Group Management Protocol. Employed by IP hosts, the protocol that reports their multicast group memberships to an adjacent multicast router.

IGP

Interior Gateway Protocol. examples include RIP, IGRP, and OSPF.

IGRP

Interior Gateway Routing Protocol. Upgrade from the RIP protocol.

iHTML

inline HTML. An advanced server-side scripting/programming language that functions as an extension to HTML, allowing the customisation of dynamic Web sites that depend on interaction with databases. iHTML eliminates the need for Javascript or CGI programs as it provides the same functionality.

IIOP

Internet Inter-ORB Protocol was developed by the Object Management Group (OMG) to implement CORBA solutions over the World Wide Web.

IIS

Internet Information Server, Microsoft's Web server.

IITF

Information Infrastructure Task Force, is an intellectual property working group, that codifies copyright law as it applies to digital information.

IM

Instant Messaging, a type of communications service that enables you to create a kind of private chat room with another individual in order to communicate in real time over the internet, analagous to a telephone conversation but using text-based, not voice-based, communication. Typically, the instant messaging system alerts you whenever somebody on your private list is online. You can then initiate a chat session with that particular individual.

IMAP

Internet Message Access Protocol, a protocol for retrieving e-mail messages.

IME

(1) Input Method Editor.
(2) Information, Media and Entertainment
(3) IPS Manager Express
(4) Internet Made Easy
(5) Integrated Mirroring Enhanced (RAID technology).

IMEI

International Mobile Equipment Identity, a unique number given to every single mobile phone, typically found behind the battery.

IMIS

Institute for the Management of Information Systems.

IMSI

International Mobile Subscriber Identity, is a unique number of up to 15 digits assigned to each GSM connection, containing country code, network operator code and mobile device number.

Incubator

An organisation that funds and nurtures internet businesses that have potential for growth in their early stages.

Influencer

An influencer is a person who promotes products, services, or events via social media.

Inode

inodes are data structures that contain information about file in Unix file systems. Each file has an inode and is identified by an inode number (i-number) in the file system where it resides. inodes provide important information on files such as user and group ownership, access mode (read, write, execute permissions) and type. A file's inode number can be found using the ls -i command, while the ls -l command will retrieve inode information.

Integer

A whole number.

Internesia

Used to denote the failure to remember where something was seen on the web. Bookmarks are one way of avoiding this malady.

Internet

A global network connecting millions of computers. More than 100 countries are linked into exchanges of data, news and opinions. Unlike online services, which are centrally controlled, the Internet is decentralised by design. Each Internet computer, called a host, is independent. Its operators can choose which Internet services to use and which local services to make available to the global Internet community. Remarkably, this anarchy by design works exceedingly well. There are a variety of ways to access the Internet. Most online services, offer access to some Internet services. It is also possible to gain access through a commercial ISP. The Internet is not synonymous with WWW.

Internet Protocol (IP)

The specification on which the internet is built for transferring packets of data around networks.

InterNIC

Internet Network Information Center, assigns IP addresses, amongst other services, for the Internet.

Interoperability

The ability of software and hardware on different machines from different vendors to share data.

Intranet

A network using the same protocols as the internet, but separated from the outside world by a firewall. Installed by some companies allow data to be distributed quickly around offices.

IoT

Internet of Things.

IP Address

A series of four numbers between 0 and 255 separated by dots (e.g. 192.45.10.105) which, interpreted according to the Internet Protocol, can identify uniquely any machine on the network.

IPS

Intrusion Prevention System, is a system that monitors a network for malicious activities such as security threats or policy violations. The main function of an IPS is to identify suspicious activity, and then log information, attempt to block the activity, and then finally to report it. Intrusion prevention systems are also known as intrusion detection prevention systems (IDPS).

IPsec

IP Security. A set of protocols developed by the IETF to support secure exchange of packets at the IP layer. It has been deployed widely to implement VPNs.

IRC

Internet Relay Chat is a multi-user chat system allowing users to meet in channels and to talk to each other in real time.

IrDA

Infrared Data Association. A group of device manufacturers that developed a standard for transmitting data via infrared light waves.

IRM

(1) Information Resource Management.

(2) Information Rights Management.

IRQ

Interrupt ReQuest line, are hardware lines over which devices can send interrupt signals to the microprocessor.

IRTF

Internet Research Task Force, is an activity of the of the Internet Society. It works on network technology.

IS-IS

Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System. An OSI link-state hierarchical routing protocol.

ISA

Industry Standard Architecture, is the bus architecture used in earlier PCs.
Starting in the early 90s, ISA began to be replaced by the PCI local bus architecture. Most computers made today include both an AT bus for slower devices and a PCI bus for devices that need better bus performance.
In 1993, it was upgraded to a new specification so that the operating system could automatically configure the expansion boards without the need for DIP switches and jumpers.

ISACA

Information Systems Audit and Control Association, is an international professional association focused on IT governance.

ISAPI

Internet Server Application Program Interface, an API for Microsoft's Internet Information Server (IIS) Web server. ISAPI enables a programmer to develop Web-based applications that run much faster than conventional CGI programs because they're more tightly integrated with the Web server.

iSCSI

Internet Small Computer Systems Interface, is a transport layer protocol that works on top of the Transport Control Protocol.

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network, is an international standard for sending voice,video and data over digital telephone lines or normal telephone wires.  It supports data transfer rates of 64Kbps.

ISEB

Information Systems Examinations Board.

ISMS

Information Security Management System, is a set of frameworks that contain policies and procedures for tackling security risks in an organisation.

ISO

International Organisation for Standardisation. Founded in 1946, ISO is an international organisation composed of national standard bodies from over 75 countries. For example, ANSI is a member of ISO. ISO has defined a number of important computer standards, the most significant of which is perhaps OSI, a standardised architecture for designing network.

ISoc

Internet Society, is an international non-profit organisation that acts as a guide and conscience for the workings of the Internet. It supports the IAB.

ISP

Internet Service Provider. A company that hosts your web-site on the Internet.

ISSEP

Information Systems Security Engineering Professional.

ISSU

In-Service Software Upgrade, is a process through which networking devices and firmware can be patched or upgraded without interrupting the underlying device/equipment's operations. ISSU is a method for updating a networking device without the need to stop its ongoing processes and restart, which degrades overall network services.

ITU

International Telecommunication Union, an intergovernmental organisation through which public and private organisations develop telecommunications. The ITU was founded in 1865 and became a United Nations agency in 1947. It is responsible for adopting international treaties, regulations and standards governing telecommunications. The standardisation functions were formerly performed by a group within the ITU called CCITT, but after a 1992 reorganisation the CCITT no longer exists as a separate body.

IVR

Interactive Voice Response. A telephony technology in which someone uses a touch-tone telephone to interact with a database to acquire information from or enter data into the database. IVR technology does not require human interaction over the telephone as the user's interaction with the database is predetermined by what the IVR system will allow the user access to. IVR technology is also used to gather information, as in the case of telephone surveys in which the user is prompted to answer questions by pushing the numbers on a touch-tone telephone.